5 Health Effects of Smoking on Your Body

By RelianceHMO
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On any pack of cigarette you buy in Nigeria, there’s always this caveat bold written - “The Federal Ministry of Health warns that smokers are liable to die young”. In December 2016, the World Health Organisation (WHO) estimated that about 5.6 percent of adults and 15.4 percent of youths currently use tobacco in Nigeria.

No matter how you smoke it, or what brand you smoke, tobacco is dangerous to your health.
The active ingredients that constitute a tobacco stick are bad for your body - from acetone and tar to nicotine and carbon monoxide.

What are the effects of smoking?

Smoking is a global problem and it causes more than seven million deaths every year, according to WHO. Collected data over the years shows that smoking is responsible for about 8--90 percent of lung cancer and is also a leading cause of esophageal cancer, pancreatic cancer, liver cancer, cancer of the bladder, kidney cancer among other life changing ailments.

Some of the effects of smoking or the risks associated to it can be long term or gradual but some are immediate. Listed below are five of the most disastrous effects of smoking on the body below.

Constricted Blood Vessels

Nicotine has been proven to restrict as well as tighten blood flow, thereby increasing the risk of high blood pressure, heart attacks, stroke and sometimes, erectile dysfunction.

Discolored & Unhealthy Teeth
Persistent smoking always results in discolouration of teeth - yellow and brownish teeth - and gradual decline of the healthiness of teeth. Smoking also increases risks of inflammation and infection that can result in bone and tooth loss.

Lung Diseases

Smoking is the leading cause of lung diseases. Some of the lung diseases associated with smoking include COPD, emphysema and chronic bronchitis.

Eye Defections

Smoking can increase your risk for cataracts (clouding of the eye’s lens that makes it hard for you to see). It can also cause age-related macular degeneration (AMD). AMD is damage to a small spot near the center of the retina, the part of the eye needed for central vision.
Diabetes Complications

Type 2 Diabetics has been found to progress more rapidly in people who smoke. Smoke increases insulin resistance and also increases the chances of other diabetic related ailments like Kidney problem

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Published Thursday, September 6th 2018

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