Common Causes of Menstrual Disorders

By RelianceHMO
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Are all menstrual cycles the same?
Let it be first said that no two menstrual periods are the same, some women have fairly regular cycles that begin and end around the same time every month with minor inconvenience, while other women have irregular cycles that fluctuate.

What are menstrual disorders?
While it is normal for women to experience changes in menstrual experiences, there are certain signs and symptoms whose occurrences are an indication of a menstrual disorder. These menstrual irregularities can have a variety of causes, including pregnancy, hormonal imbalances, infections, diseases, trauma, and certain medications.

What causes menstrual disorders?

Below, we have differentiated the types of menstrual disorders into three different classes and listed the causes of each class.

Menstrual disorders in form of light, irregular periods

This is characterized by light, generally scanty and irregular cycles. Some common causes include;

Perimenopause which occurs to women in their late 40s and early 50s.
Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI)
Eating disorders (anorexia nervosa or bulimia)
Excessive exercise
Thyroid dysfunction (too much or too little thyroid hormone)
Uncontrolled diabetes
Hormonal birth control (birth control pills, injections, or implants)



Menstrual Disorders in form of heavy, irregular periods


This is characterized by heavy bleeding that might last for five to seven days. Also called menorrhagia, heavy periods cause you to bleed more than normal. Some common causes include;

Hormonal imbalances in hormone levels, especially progesterone and estrogen.
Puberty
Vaginal infections
Inflammation of the cervix
Underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism)
Noncancerous uterus tumors (fibroids)
Excessive exercise or changes in diets.
Miscarriages
Bleeding disorders, such as leukemia, platelet disorders, clotting factor deficiencies.

Menstrual disorders in form of menstrual pain.

Common causes of menstrual pain also known as dysmenorrhea include;

Endometriosis (uterine lining grows outside the uterus)
Uterine abnormalities (fibroids or adenomyosis)
IUDs
Pelvic scarring due to sexually transmitted infections, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea
Heavy menstrual flow

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Published Tuesday, August 28th 2018

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