What you should know about Monkey Pox

By Kangpe Healthcare Services
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Monkey Pox is a rare viral zoonosis (a virus transmitted to humans from animals), it was recently discovered in Bayelsa State in the Southern region of Nigeria.

Currently, 12 persons have been infected while 49 in Bayelsa and Akwa Ibom states have been placed under surveillance.

Monkey Pox has occurred primarily in West Africa and Central Africa near the rainforests. It was first identified in 1970 in a remote area of Congo.
This potentially fatal infection has been found in rats,squirrels, monkeys,dogs and humans. People living in or near forest areas may have indirect or higher level of exposure to infected animals, possibly leading to Monkeypox infection.

Monkeypox is similar to the human smallpox which has been eradicated. While there is currently no vaccine or treatment available, prior smallpox vaccination have been shown to effectively prevent smallpox.


You can prevent Monkey Pox infection by avoiding

Contact with bodily fluids of infected person
Mucosal or cutaneous lesions of an infected person
Contact with the beddings and clothes of an infected person
Food exposed to rats
Eating meat of wild animals like squirrels
Contact with blood of an infected person
Bites from infected animals
Contact with sick animals or dead animals in the wild

Symptoms of Monkey Pox include

Quick exhaustion
Headaches
Backache
Rashes and lesions
Fever
Swollen lymph nodes

The symptoms of monkey pox are similar to but more severe than that of smallpox.
After infection it can take an interval of 5 to 16 days before onset of symptoms.
Within day 1 to 3 after the onset of fever, the lymph nodes swell just before the patient develops rashes.
Monkey pox typically lasts 2-4 weeks in a patient.


Diagnosis and treatment

Monkeypox can only be diagnosed definitively in the laboratory where the virus can be identified by a number of different tests.

While there is no definite treatment or vaccines available, prior vaccination against smallpox has been proven to be 85% effective in preventing monkeypox in the past.


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Published Monday, October 9th 2017

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